Monday, January 20, 2020

Software Piracy Essay -- essays research papers fc

Software Piracy - Are We Doing Enough? Introduction Imagine that a person offered to break into a software store, turn off all the alarms, and hold the doors open, and allow you to take whatever you wanted from the store. This situation is faced by most computer owners everyday, not necessarily in this form, but in the form of software piracy. Software piracy is the unauthorised duplication and or distribution of copyrighted programs. There would only be select group who would not be tempted by the prospect of basically free software, most of those who are offered these kind of goods either accept them, or are unaware that they are not legitimate. No matter how this crime is being conducted, it has been estimated that this sort of crime is costing the world approximately 13 billion dollars annually. Beginnings Software piracy became popular through the use of Bulletin Boards, which allowed people to dial into other an â€Å"underground† archive of pirated software. Around this time, 31/2 Inch discs were also a popular medium for pirated software. Popularity The reason behind the widespread popularity of software piracy lies in the cost. Why pay $80 dollars for a piece of software, when you could get it for the price of a blank CD. Software piracy has boomed over recent years, which can most likely be attributed to the drop in price of CD Writers, which allow the user to copy from one CD to another in less than an hour. During the beginnings of software piracy, the floppy disc ...

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Online Grade Evaluation System Essay

In the absence of internal processes for evaluating instructors’ teaching abilities, most colleges and universities put the responsibility on students. But is this fair to faculty? After all, a whiff of conflict of interest hangs over the whole proceeding. Students might grade a professor poorly as payback for a bad grade, for example. Conversely, students might give great reviews to instructors who dole out A’s like Halloween candy. Or they might not even bother to respond. Now, with more and more institutions moving their course evaluations online, the question is whether technology will compound these concerns or resolve them. Early research suggests that faculty may actually benefit from the move online. Jessica Wode, an academic research analyst with the Office of Evaluation and Assessment at Columbia College Chicago (IL), performed a review of the academic literature on online course-evaluation assessments last spring. Her conclusion: Worries that students with grudges are the most likely to fill out online forms are unfounded. You actually find the opposite,† explains Wode. â€Å"Either there is no effect or the students who did poorly in the class probably aren’t even going to bother evaluating the course. â€Å" Indeed, there are indications that online evaluation systems may actually suppress participation among poor performers. In her unpublished dissertation at James Madison University (VA) in 2009, researcher Cassandra Jones found that class performance played a role in determining which students filled out an online evaluation: Students who received higher grades in a class were more likely to fill out a survey. As a result, noted Jones in her paper, â€Å"course-evaluation ratings could be artificially inflated because students with lower grades are not participating in the online course-evaluation process. † It would not be difficult to find a host of faculty members who would disagree strongly with these findings. And there is some question about the reliability of statistical analysis of online evaluations, given the low participation rates for many online systems. Indeed, anemic participation levels may be the single biggest issue facing online evaluations. At schools that simply ask their students to fill out online class evaluations, a typical response rate is around 50 percent, according to â€Å"Response Rates in Online Teaching Evaluation Systems,† a 2009 report by James Kulik of the Office of Evaluations and Examinations at the University of Michigan. In contrast, the typical response rate for paper-based evaluations is around 66 percent, and often much higher.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Famine, Affluence and Morality by Pete Singer - 1045 Words

In the article, â€Å"Famine, Affluence, and Morality†, Pete Singer, a Utilitarian, argues that citizens in affluent countries such as the United States have a moral obligation to give up as much as they can for famine relief. Singer’s contention in his article is that the way we morally conduct ourselves ought to be reappraised. (Singer, 230). I Singer’s argument, and in this paper, I will examine the distinction between duty and charity, compare both deontological and consequential theories of ethics, and address Immanuel Kant and Pete Singer’s similarities and their utilitarian resolution to such problems. I will conclude how we have a moral duty to relieve suffering in the world, and why it is wrong if we abstain from our moral obligation. In his article, Famine, Affluence, and Morality, Singer tries to emphasize the importance of helping those in need. He believes that if it is in our power to prevent something bad from happening without sacrificing anything else of moral importance then we have a moral obligation to do it. (Singer, 231). By this, Singer means that each and every one of us has the power to prevent the terrible things that negatively affects the world. For example, if we are in a situation where we have the ability to prevent something morally wrong from happening but we let it pass by, he describes this as not just laziness but moral wrongdoing. Singer argues if you come across a child who is drowning and it is easy to wade in and rescue the child but byShow MoreRelatedWe Should Set Limits On Moral Obligation1398 Words   |  6 PagesIan Parker discusses a personal story of a man named Zell Kravinsky that had given almost his entire fortune and kidney under moral obligation. The â€Å"big questionâ €  that will be evaluated in this paper is there important limits to how much do-gooding morality can ask of us? If so, how much can it ask of us to sacrifice for others? This question had placed great influence on Zell Kravinsky story and it is important we evaluate his arguments for moral obligation can ask of us. In this essay I intend to

Friday, December 27, 2019

How Myelin Affects The Body s Immune System Targets The...

Multiple sclerosis, or MS, is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system targets the central nervous system (National Multiple Sclerosis Society, 2016). The central nervous system is mainly made up by the brain, nerves, spinal cord, and optic nerves (National Multiple Sclerosis Society, 2016). The main target in MS is myelin, the substance that protects the nerve fibers within the central nervous system (National Multiple Sclerosis Society, 2016). By attacking the myelin MS causes inflammation and damage to the myelin itself (MS Society of Canada, 2016). Myelin is the main source of transportation for nerve impulses; this is done through the nerve fibres that are protected by the myelin (MS Society of Canada, 2016). If the myelin is only slightly damaged the nerve impulses can continue with a few minor interruptions, but if the damage is extensive then problems become more apparent (MS Society of Canada, 2016). When myelin is quite damaged it begins to turn into scar tissue; scar tissue does not transmit nerve impulses as myelin does (MS Society of Canada, 2016). This means that once the myelin becomes scar tissue, the nerve impulses become completely interrupted (MS Society of Canada, 2016). This complete interruption in the nerve impulse process can then lead to the damaging of the nerve fibres themselves (MS Society of Canada, 2016). Causes of Multiple Sclerosis: There has not been a specific cause of MS identified, but it has been thought that a wideShow MoreRelatedTaking a Look at Multiple Sclerosis2594 Words   |  11 PagesOur bodies spend countless amounts of energy fighting off and defending ourselves from harmful diseases. Diseases come in many shapes and sizes, vastly affecting the systems of our body. One of the most important systems i our body is the nervous system. The nervous system is composed of a complex network of neurons which enables our bodies to incorporate information from the outside world, integrate, and perceive that information. In addition, the nervous system allows us to act through motor controlRead MoreOrgan Lateral Sclerosis : A Disease That Affects The Nervous System1578 Words   |  7 PagesAmyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis is a disease that affects the Nervous system as well as the Muscular System as well, this disease is defined as a progressive neurodegenerative disease that affe cts the nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord. A-myo-trophic is a Greek term when translated it means â€Å"No muscle Nourishment†. This lack of nourishment causes a reaction within the muscles leading to their eventual break down, otherwise known as â€Å"atrophies† which is a simple term meaning that the muscleRead MoreMultiple Sclerosis : An Autoimmune Disease2120 Words   |  9 PagesMULTIPLE SCLEROSIS 2 Abstract Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that affects thousands of people worldwide. No one really knows what causes the disease and there is no cure and there is not one specific test that can diagnose Multiple Sclerosis. There are many different links that are thought of that may contribute to the cause of this disease such as family history or age.. Many treatment options are available to help slow down the progression of the disease and relieve any major symptomsRead MoreThe Structure Of The Brain Essay2447 Words   |  10 PagesStructure of the brain The brain is made up of 4 main parts and they are: ââ€"  the cerebral cortex, ââ€"  limbic system, ââ€"  the cerebellum ââ€"  and the brain stem The cerebral cortex The cerebral cortex is split into two cerebral hemispheres (the left and right hemispheres). Sometimes the right hemisphere is related to creativity and the left hemisphere is related to logic abilities. It is divided into four sections called lobes, the frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe, and temporal lobe. This is theRead MoreNU 545 Unit 2 Essay10921 Words   |  44 Pagesnuclei within brainstem that maintains wakefulness and works in conjunction with the cerebral cortex and together they are known as the reticular activating system. P. 454 - 3 parts of the brain: forebrain, midbrain, hindbrain - Expression of affect (emotional and behavioral states) is mediated by extensive connections with the limbic system and prefrontal cortex. - p. 456 The prefrontal area is responsible for goal oriented behavior (ability to concentrate), short term memory and elaborationRead MoreUnit 2 study guide8637 Words   |  35 Pageshypothalamus (p.455) The cerebellum is responsible for maintaining balance and posture (p.455) The reticular formation is essential for maintaining wakefulness and in conjunction with the cerebral cortex is referred to as the reticular activating system (p.450) The Broca speech area is rostral to the inferior edge of the premotor area on the inferior frontal gyrus. It is usually on the left hemisphere and is responsible for the motor aspects of speech. Damage to this area leads to expressive aphasiaRead MoreSocm Study Guide Essay30404 Words   |  122 Pagesto provide the energy for responsiveness, growth, reproduction and movement. Refers to all chemical operations under way in the body. Define Anatomy and physiology, and describe the various specialties within each discipline Anatomy – the study of internal and external structures and the physical relationship between body parts. Physiology – the study of how living organisms p0erform the vital functions. Microscopic Anatomy – study of structures that can not be seen by the naked eyeRead MorePsychology Workbook Essay22836 Words   |  92 PagesI. INTRODUCTION Objective I.1 Define psychology: the science of behavior and mental processes. |Margin Learning Question(s) (if applicable) |Page(s) | |None | | Key Terms Psychology: the science of behavior and mental processes. Exercises 1. Put a check markRead MoreSci 241 Week 524609 Words   |  99 Pagesnecessary for bone health. Vitamin E is a fat-soluble antioxidant. Vitamin K is essential for blood clotting. u s t A Ta s t e J Do vitamins give you extra energy? Should everyone take folate supplements? Does eating carrots improve your vision? Can vitamin E protect you from heart disease? The Vitamins Vitamins Are Vital to Your Health Vitamins Provide Many Different Functions in the Body Vitamins Are Found in Almost Everything You Eat We Need Enough but Not Too Much of Each Vitamin Some VitaminsRead MorePatho-Phys Unit 2 Study Guide Usa Essay4997 Words   |  20 Pagesthe limbic system by influencing the secretion of melatonin associated with circadian rhythms. Controlling thought? (pg. 452) They parietal lobe is involved in sensory association (storage, analysis, and interpretation of stimuli). Emotions and behavior? (pg. 453) The hypothalamus is responsible for 2 major functions (1.) maintenance of a constant internal environment (2.) implementation of behavioral patterns. Integrative centers control ANS function, regulation of body temperature

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Developmental Theorist Dr. Maria Telca Montessori

Dr. Maria Telca Montessori was the founder of the Montessori method of education. Maria, an Italian physician and educator, was born in Ancona, Italy on August 31, 1870 and died May 6, 1952. She was born to Alessandro and Renilde Montessori. Marie’s father was a soldier when he was young, and her mother was well educated. As a child Maria was seen to be self confident, positive, and extremely keen in change and helping people. Maria would knit things for the poor, and she enjoyed taking her neighbor out for walks. Also, it wasnt rare for Maria to intrude in her parents’ arguments, she was most likely getting in the middle and trying to make them stop. When she wasnt doing things for other people, and preventing them from fighting she was attending school. During the time of her childhood, the schools were usually filthy and crowed. Although the schools werent as great as they should have been, Marie was a great student. She was a quick learner and did well on tests. But at age 12 Maria and her family moved to Rome to give Maria a better opportunity to learn. Her parents then recommend her to pursue a teaching career since teaching was more common in those days. She declined the suggestion and she decided to go into engineering because of the love she had for math. In order for her to pursue her dreams she had to attend an all boys school. But instead of sticking with her plan Maria switched to Medicine. After schooling, she became the first woman doctor in

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Consultation of Change Management Theory

Question: Discuss about the Consultation of Change Management Theory. Answer: Introduction: Organizational learning is a systematic and continuous process that happens through various strategies like knowledge management (KM) and process consultation. Organizational learning is quite important and plays the utmost role in encouraging innovation in organizational practices (Jimenz-Jimenz, Martnez-Costa and Sanz-Valle 2014). Nevertheless, competition is always there in between companies representing the same industry. In such situation, it is important that organizational learning process is continuous in nature and takes the help of essential process that includes like knowledge management (KM) and process consultation (Chiva and Habib 2015). Knowledge management and process consultation are often believed to be as representing the same surface; however, they evidently differ to each other in terms of their conceptual and theoretical background. Knowledge management is more of an internal organizational process which is under the control of the management. On the other side, process consultation is an external process where the clients management team does not have such controls as in case of the knowledge management (KM) (Giniuniene and Jurksiene 2015). This assignment is purposefully aimed at understanding the relationship between KM and process consultation in regards to the extent of their similarities and differences. Both of the processes have the similar meanings; however, both of which represent a very different process. KM is an internal organizational process whereas process consultation is about taking the help of an external consultant. Understanding knowledge management (KM) and process consultation: Knowledge management (KM) and process consultation are different to each other in terms of orientation; however, they have some similarities as well. The fact can also be understood from the types of KM which are being divided into two segments like tacit and explicit. Tacit is that saved in the brain. Employees and other members of the organization to learn new things based on their capability of understanding of the resources to be used for the purpose. The thing that they learn on a continuous basis they keep this stored in their mind. They also share such knowledge with their colleagues, so that, knowledge sharing is facilitated. Knowledge sharing does also contribute to the organizational learning process (Hussein et al. 2014). The tacit form of knowledge is that documented in files or software. Such documents can be used for educating others. The training process is one of the examples of a tacit knowledge where trainers based on the documented materials in the form of excel sheet or others share the knowledge with the trainees (Hussein et al. 2014). Process consultation is that received from external consultants. In times of anxiety and circumstances when firms do not have the solutions nor they have such resources to respond to the urgency, they approach consultants. The discomfort experienced due to the circumstances is known as cognitive dissonance (Jimenz-Jimenz, Martnez-Costa and Sanz-Valle 2014). Jimenz-Jimenz, Martnez-Costa and Sanz-Valle (2014) explained that when an organizational approach is motivated to change, cognitive dissonance occurs at the organizational or the management level. Kong (2015) explained it that in troublesome cases, the anxiety level of the organization must be high to the learning anxiety; otherwise, there is no point of going for a change. There should indeed be a resistance to change. Explaining process consultation: Process consultation can be frustrating and worrying also at times. Consultants are hired for the organizational development (OD) process. However, clients usually do not have any direct control over consultants. The consultants interact with senior managers or the bosses of clients. However, probably they do not seem to be as carrying any fair relationship with each other. Clients may not necessarily obey the demands or any commandments of the consultants. On the other hand, consultants are not also required to consider the demands of the client. Hence, they both exist in a state of negotiation (Lord, Dinh and Hoffman 2015). At times there may be a need to go for pushing the consultants; however, clients may not. The demands may also be negotiated from the OD consultants (Lord, Dinh and Hoffman 2015). The fundamental role of consultation is often viewed as a specialist that provides consultation service to their clients to help them move for a change . They are called upon at times when clients face the challenge and have no resources within the organization to respond to the urgency. The OD consultants in such situations are supposed as a helping resource that with their resources and strategy making skills can actually help their clients. However, the OD consultants must have a deeper understanding of the organizational learning process to prove their existence justified. They need to be well versed with various important theories like culture, change, learning and systems. This is required to make use of the most influential involvement for the particular client they assist (Real, Roldn and Leal 2014). Similarities between process consultation and (OL) (KM): Process consultation is similar to organizational learning and the knowledge management in some regards. Organizational learning is based upon a continuous exchange and sharing of different forms of knowledge. Organizational learning takes through both tacit and explicit kind of KM. The tacit gets developed through the personal experience of theoretical and practical resources. The theoretical resources may include resources like academic theories and concepts. On the other side, practical resources include observing the senior member while working on a project or listening carefully to the senior managers while they are delivering a speech. The explicit form of KM as discussed earlier is developed through documented files in different ways such as through training (Rikkerink et al. 2016). Process consultation has the very similar meaning concept to the organizational learning and the knowledge management. The OD consultants take the help of the resources which they have gathered from extensive researches on the subject matter. The knowledge sharing is also the part of OD consultants which is why they are able to sustain their existence. This is just similar in concept to the tacit form of KM. The OD consultants help their clients through documented strategies and have a proven track record for assisting the very same way. The assistance provided to clients in such way is a just similar to the explicit form of KM. The explicit form of knowledge as explained earlier is transferred to the target audience through various modes of training (Schilling and Fang 2014). Differences: The OD consultants and the concept of knowledge management (KM) differ to each other in regards to their working principles and the procedures. The working procedures of OD consultants involve but are not limited to like interacting with the clients with their proposals for work. They have documented strategies for dissimilar scenarios. The proposal is required, so that, the client has clues on what is happening. The way they interact with their client is different to how explicit form of knowledge is conveyed at the organizational level. They do not do it through training instead; they provide necessary tips and strategies to the client (Schneckenberg, Truong and Mazloomi 2015). At the organizational level, no negotiation is there while it is being delivered through training. However, negotiation always exists in between the consultants and the client. At some point in time, consultants seem to be negotiating while on some other point in time, the vice-versa. Analyzing process consultation: As per the current perspectives, the process consultation has now more considered as a companion to its client. The client and consultation are now required to work together while supporting the each other's needs. In this course of action, OD consultants must have the capability to work with individuals, groups and the organizational dynamics. Consultation is understood as a supportive relationship between clients and the consultants. This means the consultants must necessarily be able to understand the importance of collaborative work. According to Kong (2015), process consultation is essentially about building a relationship by continuous efforts being given to different kinds of intervention with the clients. There is a need for improvement in the constant interaction, association and circumstances to make necessary choices. As opined by Jimenz-Jimenz, Martnez-Costa and Sanz-Valle (2014), the process consultation is outdated now. It has taken a dif ferent shape. It is now not just limited to giving consultation to clients but, it has improved significantly. The consultants now need to use the different models as well to enhance their capability as consultants. They need to make the changes and must possess the skills as such the innovation and the entrepreneurship. Creativity is what expected now from consultants, so that; they could provide solutions that are unique and hard to be realized by clients. Clients need to feel the importance of consultants, so that, bonding between them could be strong (Jimenz-Jimenz, Martnez-Costa and Sanz-Valle 2014). The choice of intervention strategy relies on the clients and their needs. They approach consultants based on their needs. The consultation process is not just a set of techniques it is more than this. Consultants may need to understand the appropriate intervention strategy in regards to the situation. If they are not being able to do so, then the stage can be referred to as technical ineptness. Technical ineptness is an ethical dilemma that becomes evident when consultants use the intervention strategies which they are not experts in. moreover, consultants in such cases become clueless on proving the required solution to clients (Real, Roldn and Leal 2014). This is the one point where research works suggest that consultants must have an understanding of the appropriate intervention strategy and need also have the requisite amount of researches on the relevant models. This also suggests that consultants need to keep on learning which is very similar to what organizational learning (O L) and knowledge management (KM) mean to organizational development (OD) (Real, Roldn and Leal 2014). Consultants can have the innumerous kinds of expertise; however, they need to make obvious certain skills to help them effectively engage in the operational development (OD) consultation process. Those certain skills are technical, consulting and interpersonal skills. The technical skills are an indication of the expertise that the consultants have. The interpersonal skills denote how capable the consultants are in managing their relationship with the clients. These skills include listening, the capability to communicate and provide assistance. Consulting means effectively being through with the different phases involved in the consulting engagement. This includes problem solving, diagnosis, and evaluation. The interpersonal and the consulting skills are of more importance for consultants as these only improve the consulting relationship with clients (Chiva and Habib 2015). The importance of interpersonal and consulting skills can be understood from various facts. One of such facts h as identified the roles of consultants as friendly co-pilot (Chiva and Habib 2015). This means consultants need to play a role of friendly co-pilot which keeps on identifying issues until it reaches to the final intervention. The relationship that they build up with clients helps consultants understand exactly what the situation is (Schneckenberg, Truong and Mazloomi 2015). Forming a relationship with clients is essential as it facilitates the exchange of information between consultants and the clients. Nevertheless, until and unless there is a clear and evident exchange of information between consultants and clients, results may not be the way to being desired so (Schneckenberg, Truong and Mazloomi 2015). Some may argue that consultants are just the change agent which transfers their skills to clients. However, their roles vary and develop throughout the consultation process due to the changing demands of clients. The process consultation model has defined the consultants role one of assisting the clients to grow to be an adequately proficient diagnostician (Real, Roldn and Leal 2014). Once clients are able to comprehend and own the causes of the problem they are likely to own the solution also. According to systems theory, the consultants role is one that assists facilitating organizational learning by improving the clients capability for identifying solutions that are sustainable, continuing and effective (Lord, Dinh and Hoffman 2015). Consulting Process and Theoretical Models: The Process Consultation Model encourages a deep bonding with clients where consultants are able to understand the issue and are able to communicate or make clients realize the root cause the appropriate solutions for the same. The model emphasizes the development of self-capability using which clients can be able to find out and own the solutions also (Schein 1997). The Flawless Consultation Model recognizes the role of consultants as of a mediator that transfers the required expertise in context to a given problem to the client organization. It promotes the deepening of the relationship between clients and consultants (Lapalme and Conklin 2015). The Action Research Model identifies three important factors in assisting the clients issues. Those three factors include action, evaluation and critical reflection. Consultants and clients jointly facilitate the action research in identifying the problems, prioritizing the problems, promoting the methods of examining the root causes and discovering suitable actions that most efficiently and logically resolve the issue (Waddell et al. 2016). Consultant services may also fail: One of the examples of failures is when McKinsey could not effectively reform the NHS. McKinsey has provided consulting services to NHS over the years. However, it could not change anything and have failed to dislodge the dampened British administration an inch. The fact is being derived from one book on the performance of McKinsey. McKinsey had been providing assistance to both the governing body of the NHS and companies that expected to yield from the modifications (Campbell et al. 2014). The other example includes the same consultant McKinsey which had advised Railtrack that eventually collapsed. McKinsey had advised Railtrack to cut down on the infrastructural investments. Instead of continuous fixes, Railtrack was advised to fix issues on an ad hoc basis. It was then claimed that the advised strategy caused a number of lethal accidents. It subsequently had lead to the liquidation of Railtrack (Campbell et al. 2014). The examples of failure have shifted the focus from the role of consultants to factors that cause them to fail. Moreover, clients need to first analyze whether their expectations are realistic. If that is not so then there is no point of scope for hiring any consultant. Causes of failure: Basically there are three identified reasons that cause consultants to fail. Those reasons are underprivileged reporting, inadequate information and alteration of scope (Schilling and Fang 2014). Poor reporting is one of the reasons that make the project to fail. Some clients do not interfere with what the consultants are doing. They just assume that consultants have the adequate knowledge using which consultants can efficiently handle the challenge. However, this is not true as also being evident from concepts already highlighted in this paper. Consultants and clients need to have a bonding, so that, consultants are able to go deep insight the matter and identify the root cause. Together they both can reach a solution which is also the ultimate goal of the consultation process. Hence, clients are also left with the solution using which they can attain their desired goal (Schilling and Fang 2014). On the other hand, poor reporting is a way to no bonding between con sultants and the clients. Hence, the collaboration which is according to the Process Consultation Model is a quintessential element may be missing in between the consultants and the clients (Schein 1997). Inadequate information is another reason behind the fail projects. Sometimes it happens that the client gets a proposal from a consultant. In the proposal report, the client may have highlighted their potentials and the achievements. However, that information may not be a complete one. Such information may have inadequate proofs of consultants capability. Additionally, some clients have perceptions that they have given the project to a right party. Hence, they do not feel it necessary to interfere with the consultant's work. Such practices may lead to a project failure. It is readily advisable that clients are sure enough the consultant they are hiring. Clients need to make a double or even triple inspection of the validity of the evidence provided by a specific consultant. This may help clients prevent any failure (Giniuniene and Jurksiene 2015). Alteration of scope is the other reason which may cause the project to fail. Sometimes this may also be the scenario that client changes t heir mind halfway through the consulting process. Now, the client comes up with a very new outcome. Hence, the halfway process centered on a different outcome is of no mean now. A reshaping of strategy is then the need for the new requirement. It is just the wastage of someones capability, time, cost, and the research process. Hence, the project may be a failure (Jimenz-Jimenz, Martnez-Costa and Sanz-Valle 2014). Interpersonal and the effective communication skills according to the Process Consultation Model are of significant importance to such case. The interpersonal skills help to form a relationship of understanding between clients and consultants. Hence, there are fewer chances of miscommunication which is one of the essentials for a change of scope. Therefore, it is evident that consultation process is similar in concept to organizational learning (OL) and knowledge management (KM) in regards to the expectations that clients have from consultants. However, organizational development (OD) consultants differ to KM process in an organization in terms of their working principles. At the organizational level, KM is promoted to help its members be able to perform their responsibilities. It is how they promote competitive learning strategies. However, OD consultants have a different principle for learning. They learn to keep them acquainted with the wide range of skills to open up a range of opportunity for them. The range of opportunity means the diverse kind of clients. It is also being found in this study that consultants need to have the interpersonal, technical and the consulting skills. Interpersonal skill is essential because it facilitates a significant bonding between consultants and clients. Consulting denotes the ability to effectively manage the different phases of consultation. Technical skills are being supplied to clients. Consultants need to ensure that they do not mess up with some issues which may end up the project is a failed case. Those few common issues are poor reporting, inadequate information and alteration of scope. References: Campbell, J.L., Fletcher, E., Britten, N., Green, C., Holt, T.A., Lattimer, V., Richards, D.A., Richards, S.H., Salisbury, C., Calitri, R. and Bowyer, V., 2014. Telephone triage for management of same-day consultation requests in general practice (the ESTEEM trial): a cluster-randomised controlled trial and cost-consequence analysis.The Lancet,384(9957), pp.1859-1868. Chiva, R. and Habib, J., 2015. A framework for organizational learning: zero, adaptive and generative learning.Journal of Management Organization,21(3), pp.350-368. Giniuniene, J. and Jurksiene, L., 2015. Dynamic capabilities, innovation and organizational learning: Interrelations and impact on firm performance.Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences,213, pp.985-991. Hussein, N., Mohamad, A., Noordin, F. and Ishak, N.A., 2014. Learning organization and its effect on organizational performance and organizational innovativeness: a proposed framework for Malaysian public institutions of higher education.Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences,130, pp.299-304. Jimenz-Jimenz, D., Martnez-Costa, M. and Sanz-Valle, R., 2014. Innovation, organizational learning orientation and reverse knowledge transfer in multinational companies.Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management,12(1), pp.47-55. Kong, E., 2015. A qualitative analysis of social intelligence in nonprofit organizations: external knowledge acquisition for human capital development, organizational learning and innovation.Knowledge Management Research Practice,13(4), pp.463-474. Lapalme, J. and Conklin, J., 2015. Combining process consultation and structural interventions.Systems Research and Behavioral Science,32(3), pp.298-311. Lord, R.G., Dinh, J.E. and Hoffman, E.L., 2015. A quantum approach to time and organizational change.Academy of Management Review,40(2), pp.263-290. Real, J.C., Roldn, J.L. and Leal, A., 2014. From entrepreneurial orientation and learning orientation to business performance: analysing the mediating role of organizational learning and the moderating effects of organizational size.British Journal of Management,25(2), pp.186-208. Rikkerink, M., Verbeeten, H., Simons, R.J. and Ritzen, H., 2016. A new model of educational innovation: Exploring the nexus of organizational learning, distributed leadership, and digital technologies.Journal of Educational Change,17(2), pp.223-249. Schein, E.H., 1997. The concept of client from a process consultation perspective: A guide for change agents.Journal of Organizational Change Management,10(3), pp.202-216. Schilling, M.A. and Fang, C., 2014. When hubs forget, lie, and play favorites: Interpersonal network structure, information distortion, and organizational learning.Strategic Management Journal,35(7), pp.974-994. Schneckenberg, D., Truong, Y. and Mazloomi, H., 2015. Microfoundations of innovative capabilities: The leverage of collaborative technologies on organizational learning and knowledge management in a multinational corporation.Technological Forecasting and Social Change,100, pp.356-368. Waddell, D., Creed, A., Cummings, T. and Worley, C., 2016.Organisational change: Development and transformation. Cengage AU.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Why was Henry David Thoreau such a wonderful writer Essay Example For Students

Why was Henry David Thoreau such a wonderful writer Essay He had many great qualities, but the most important were his devotion to nature and writing, his desire for independence, and his experiences he encountered throughout his life. Henry David Thoreau looked to nature as the basis of life and writing. He believed that nature is the reflection of inner spiritual reality. He spent his life in search of the essentials of reality and of experiences that would bring him close to these essentials. He lived in a hut for two years at Walden Pond to rid his body of inessential things. During Thoreau’s stay, he completed his first book itled, A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers(1849). We will write a custom essay on Why was Henry David Thoreau such a wonderful writer specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Here, he also filled his journals with materials for his most famous piece, Walden. After he left the hut, and after college, he became a literary apprentice by writing essays and poems and by helping edit the transcendentalist journal, The Dial. When success did not come, Thoreau remained dedicated to his program of â€Å"education† through intimacy with nature, and also through writing that would express this experience. It was his life in nature that was his great theme. In order for Thoreau to write so much on nature he had to be familiar with it. His knowledge of the woods and fields, of the rivers, the ponds, and swamps, of every plant and animal was outstanding. Emerson even stated, â€Å"His power of observation seemed to indicate additional senses. † Thoureau wrote a book titled Walden(1854) in which the theme of it was the relationship to the order and beauty of nature in the human mind. This book consists of records of Thoreau’s stay at Walden Pond. Thoreau’s love and devotion to nature and his writing was a key to his excellence in writing. Henry David Thoreau also felt that individualism was a great necessity to his writing style. In his piece of literature titled â€Å"Civil Disobedience†, he expressed his belief in the power and the obligation of the individual to determine right from wrong, independent of the dictates of society. Thoreau’s friends agreed with his views, but few practiced it in their own lives as consistently as he. Thoreau demonstrated his idea of independence in many ways. He worked for pay intermittently, he made relationships with many of the towns outcasts, he never married, he signed off from the First Parish Church rather than be taxed automatically to support it every year, and he ived alone in the woods for two years, in seclusion. His nearest neighbor was at least a mile away. While he was living independently in the woods, he thought of many new ideas for his literature. Thoreau even tried to encourage others to assert their individuality, each in his or her own way. He also believed that independent, well-considered actions arose naturally from a questing attitude of mind. He was first and foremost an explorer, of both the world around him and the world within him. In his most popular piece ever, Walden, he stated this: â€Å"Be a Columbus to hole new continents and worlds within you, opening new channels, not of trade, but of thought,†(Walden, p. 21). Also, Thoreau’s celebration of solitude was a natural outgrowth of his commitment to the idea of individual action. This following idea also brought up a point in Walden. â€Å"The man who goes alone can start today; but he who travels with another must wait till that other is ready,†(Walden, pg. 72) Many of Thoreau’s ideas of individualism can be found as major statements in his writing. Thoreau came to much of his great literature due to the amount of experiences he had throughout his life. His major experience was living at Walden Pond for two years and learning about his own life and about the wonders of nature. .u2b600c3c68d907d11d066b4f7e9a5ee1 , .u2b600c3c68d907d11d066b4f7e9a5ee1 .postImageUrl , .u2b600c3c68d907d11d066b4f7e9a5ee1 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u2b600c3c68d907d11d066b4f7e9a5ee1 , .u2b600c3c68d907d11d066b4f7e9a5ee1:hover , .u2b600c3c68d907d11d066b4f7e9a5ee1:visited , .u2b600c3c68d907d11d066b4f7e9a5ee1:active { border:0!important; } .u2b600c3c68d907d11d066b4f7e9a5ee1 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u2b600c3c68d907d11d066b4f7e9a5ee1 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u2b600c3c68d907d11d066b4f7e9a5ee1:active , .u2b600c3c68d907d11d066b4f7e9a5ee1:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u2b600c3c68d907d11d066b4f7e9a5ee1 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u2b600c3c68d907d11d066b4f7e9a5ee1 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u2b600c3c68d907d11d066b4f7e9a5ee1 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u2b600c3c68d907d11d066b4f7e9a5ee1 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u2b600c3c68d907d11d066b4f7e9a5ee1:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u2b600c3c68d907d11d066b4f7e9a5ee1 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u2b600c3c68d907d11d066b4f7e9a5ee1 .u2b600c3c68d907d11d066b4f7e9a5ee1-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u2b600c3c68d907d11d066b4f7e9a5ee1:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Conclusion For Edgar Allan Poe EssayThoreau even stated himself, â€Å"I learned this, at least, from experience. † Here, he was talking about how he got all the information for his book Walden totally from experiences. Although Walden was only moderately successful in Thoreau’s lifetime, his experiment in the wilderness did spark interest in young people. The book inspired people to follow his example and go to a lonely spot and wonder the world and find their place in it. For many, Walden served as a touchstone. Thoreau said that he went to the pond to write a book in memory of his brother, John, who had died three years earlier. Thoreau also stated, â€Å"I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived (Walden p. 90). At Walden Pond, Thoreau worked on A Week, but he also became attracted to the Walden Woods and began making observations in his journal of them. He also began collecting materials to write lectures. By the time he left Walden Pond, Thoreau had combined lectures and notes from his journal to compile into his first draft of his book A Week. A Week was not very well excepted by the public though. After the failure of A Week, publishers postponed the publication of Walden. Eventually, Walden was published and was moderately successful, and it did make Thoreau popular. Walden consisted of the journal entries he had written. It also consisted of things he learned while he was in the woods. Walden also evolved from a sometimes shrill justification of Thoreau’s unordinary lifestyle into a complex account of a spiritual journey. Thoreau’s experiences were great attributes in his writing. Henry David Thoreau was a wonderful writer. He had many excellent qualities, but the best and most important were his devotion to nature and his writing, his feeling of individualism, and his experiences that were used to make his literature more lifelike. He used nature as his main theme in his writing. He felt that independence would help him be a better writer. He also experienced many things in order to make his writing filled with imagery. Thoreau used all these elements in order to please the reader’s mind with his literature.